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猴哥托福阅读长难句 SAT阅读长难句第二版 猴哥sat填空词频3100
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[提问] 能帮忙看下我写的第一篇SAT作文好么,跪拜谢谢了~

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发表于 2012-3-20 20:06:52 |只看该作者 |倒序浏览
Is it important to question the ideas and decisions of people in position of authority?
Francis Bacon, one of the most influential philosophers in the world, once said, “ The truth is not derived from authority”, which demonstrates that one cannot avoid the fight against the authority on his way to the truth and emphasizes on the importance of questioning the ideas and decisions of people in positions of authority.
Throughout the history, great thinkers have strived to reach the universal truth in spite of the doubts, objections and even threaten the crowds put on them. Take the example of Socrates, who lived at the time when the Athenian public have been entertaining doubts about democracy as an efficient form of government. Been referred to as the “gadfly” of the state, he questioned the collective notion of “might makes right” that he felt was common in Greece during this period, nevertheless failed to fear the fact that he had already irritated most people with consideration of justice and the pursuit of goodness. As a result, he was found guilty of both corrupting the minds of the youth of Athens and of impiety, and subsequently sentenced to death by drinking a mixture containing poison hemlock. However, his attempts never fail to improve the sense of justice of mankind, and continue to influence us nowadays.
Take another look at the economic realm and we will find the example of John Nash, who was a normal mathematician in Princeton University but dared to doubt the statement of Adam Smith and succeed to lay the foundation of Game Theory in 1950. Ignoring the status of Adam Smith because of the long for truth, John Nash refuted The Wealth of Nations from which a sentence said “individual ambition serves common good” by asserting that due to the fact that personal benefits conflict each other, the interest of a group will be harmed. To ensure the interests of whole group, individual should find equilibrium between the personal and group interests. The efforts John Nash made to question the authority not only brought him a Nobel Prize in economics but reformed the area of economics.
From the examples of Socrates and John Nash we can draw that it is crucial to question the ideas the decisions of people in positions of authority, not for the consequence , but for the spirit of question continue to make its way to flourish in human history.
再次感谢~~~
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发表于 2013-4-7 19:21:12 |只看该作者
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